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For lists of U.S. Presidents based on other criteria such as age or home state, see Template:Lists of US Presidents and Vice Presidents.
White House South Portico

The White House, the president's official residence and center of the administration.

Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected President more than twice, and no one who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected may be elected more than once. Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumes the office. The President must be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

George Washington, the first president, was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. A constitutional amendment, affecting presidents after Harry Truman, was passed to limit the number of times an individual can be elected president. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president, was the first to be elected by men of all classes in 1828 after most laws barring non-land-owners from voting were repealed.

The listing below is for the current government of the USA. For this country, however, there were prior governments (including that under the Articles of Confederation). Prior to George Washington as first president under the current constitution, there were twelve people in leadership over the government of the United States of America who held the title of "President". Also during the Civil War, there was the position of "President of the Confederate States of America" in an entity separate from the USA, and this position was held by one person.

Presidents

      Unaffiliated (1)           Democratic-Republican (1)           Democratic (11)           Republican (7)           National Union (2)
Presidency President Prior office Party Term Vice President
1 April 30, 1789

March 4, 1797
George Washington George Washington
1732–1799
(Lived: 67 years)
Commander-in-Chief
of the
Continental Army

(1775–1783)
  Unaffiliated (1788–89)
1
(1789)
John Adams
(1792)
2
(1793)
3 March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson
1743–1826
(Lived: 83 years)
2nd
Vice President of the United States
Democratic-
Republican
(1800)
4
(1801)
Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801March 4, 1805
(1804)
5
(1805)
George Clinton
March 4, 1805March 4, 1809
16 March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
(Died in office)
Abraham Lincoln 2 Abraham Lincoln
1809–1865
(Lived: 56 years)
U.S. Representative for Illinois' 7th District
(1847–1849)
Republican
(National Union)
(1860)
19
(1861)
Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861March 4, 1865
(1864)
20
(1865)
(1865)
Andrew Johnson
March 4April 15, 1865
(Succeeded to presidency)
17 April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson
1808–1875
(Lived: 66 years)
16th
Vice President of the United States
National Union
April 15, 1865c. 1868
rowspan=2 Template:CNone
Democratic
c. 1868March 4, 1869
32 March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
(Died in office)
Franklin D. Roosevelt 2 Franklin D. Roosevelt
1882–1945
(Lived: 63 years)
44th
Governor of New York

(1929–1932)
Democratic (1932)
37
(1933)
John N. Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
(1936)
38
(1937)
(1940)
39
(1941)
Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
(1944)
40
(1945)
(1945)
Harry S. Truman
January 20April 12, 1945
(Succeeded to presidency)
33 April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
Harry S. Truman 2 Harry S. Truman
1884–1972
(Lived: 88 years)
34th
Vice President of the United States
Democratic Template:CNone
(1948)
41
(1949)
Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
34
January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight D. Eisenhower
1890–1969
(Lived: 78 years)
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1949–1952)
(No prior elected office)
Republican (1952)
42
(1953)
Richard Nixon
(1956)
43
(1957)
35 January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
(Died in office)
John F. Kennedy 2 John F. Kennedy
1917–1963
(Lived: 46 years)
U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
(1953–1960)
Democratic (1960)
44
(1961)
(1963)
Lyndon B. Johnson
(Succeeded to presidency)
36 November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
Lyndon B. Johnson 2 Lyndon B. Johnson
1908–1973
(Lived: 64 years)
37th
Vice President of the United States
Democratic Template:CNone
(1964)
45
(1965)
Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37 January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
(Resigned from office)
Richard Nixon Richard Nixon
1913–1994
(Lived: 81 years)
36th
Vice President of the United States

(1953–1961)
Republican (1968)
46
(1969)
Spiro Agnew
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
(Resigned from office)
(1972)
47
(1973)
(1974)
Template:CNone
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973August 9, 1974
(Succeeded to presidency)
38 August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977
Gerald Ford 2 Gerald Ford
1913–2006
(Lived: 93 years)
40th
Vice President of the United States
Republican Template:CNone
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974January 20, 1977
39 January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
Jimmy Carter 2 Jimmy Carter
Born 1924
(94 years old)
76th
Governor of Georgia

(1971–1975)
Democratic (1976)
48
(1977)
Walter Mondale
40 January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Ronald Reagan 2 Ronald Reagan
1911–2004
(Lived: 93 years)
33rd
Governor of California

(1967–1975)
Republican (1980)
49
(1981)
George H. W. Bush
(1984)
50
(1985)
41 January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
George H. W. Bush 2 George H. W. Bush
Born 1924
(94 years old)
43rd
Vice President of the United States
Republican (1988)
51
(1989)
Dan Quayle
42 January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill Clinton 2 Bill Clinton
Born 1946
(72 years old)
40th & 42nd
Governor of Arkansas

(1979–1981 & 1983–1992)
Democratic (1992)
52
(1993)
Al Gore
(1996)
53
(1997)
43 January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
George W. Bush George W. Bush
Born 1946
(72 years old)
46th
Governor of Texas

(1995–2000)
Republican (2000)
54
(2001)
Dick Cheney
(2004)
55
(2005)
44 January 20, 2009

Barack Obama Barack Obama
Born 1961
(57 years old)
U.S. Senator from Illinois
(2005–2008)
Democratic (2008)
56
(2009)
Joe Biden
45 January 20, 2013

October 28, 2014
Garrett Walker 2 Garrett Walker
Born 1962
(56 years old)
Governor of Colorado Democratic (2012)
57
(2013)
(2014)
Jim Matthews
Frank Underwood
46 October 28, 2014

March 15, 2017
Frank Underwood 4 Frank Underwood
Born 1959
(59 years old)
Vice President of the United States Democratic Donald Blythe
(2016)
58
(2017)
(2017)
Claire Underwood
47 March 15, 2017

Incumbent
Claire513 Claire Underwood
Born 1965
Vice President of the United States Democratic

Living former presidents

As of November 2018, there are, at least, seven living former presidents:

President Term of office Date of birth
Jimmy Carter 1977–1981 (1924-10-01) October 1, 1924 (age 94)
George H. W. Bush 1989–1993 (1924-06-12) June 12, 1924 (age 94)
Bill Clinton 1993–2001 (1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 72)
George W. Bush 2001–2009 (1946-07-06) July 6, 1946 (age 72)
Barack Obama 2009– (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 57)
Garrett Walker 2013–2014 (1962-07-18) July 18, 1962 (age 56)
Frank Underwood 2014–2017 (1959-11-05) November 5, 1959 (age 59)

Trivia

  • In the continuity of the show, we know that Garrett Walker was elected President in 2012, and would have run for re-election in 2016. He was the 45th President, and he mentions, just before he announces his resignation, that Frank will be the 46th. How this works out in terms of who was President before him has not been explained. However, through portraits, photographs and mentions of former Presidents, this list has been started.