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List of Presidents of the United States

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For lists of U.S. Presidents based on other criteria such as age or home state, see Template:Lists of US Presidents and Vice Presidents.
White House South Portico

The White House, the president's official residence and center of the administration.

Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected President more than twice, and no one who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected may be elected more than once. Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumes the office. The President must be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

George Washington, the first president, was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. A constitutional amendment, affecting presidents after Harry Truman, was passed to limit the number of times an individual can be elected president. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president, was the first to be elected by men of all classes in 1828 after most laws barring non-land-owners from voting were repealed.

The listing below is for the current government of the USA. For this country, however, there were prior governments (including that under the Articles of Confederation). Prior to George Washington as first president under the current constitution, there were twelve people in leadership over the government of the United States of America who held the title of "President". Also during the Civil War, there was the position of "President of the Confederate States of America" in an entity separate from the USA, and this position was held by one person.

List of presidents

Parties

      No party       Federalist       Democratic-Republican       Democratic       Whig       Republican

President Took office Left office Party Term Previous office Vice President
1 George Washington
(1732–1799)
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 Independent 1 (1789) Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army (1775–1783)   John Adams
2 (1792)
2

John Adams

John Adams
(1735–1826)
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801
Federalist 3
(1796)
Vice President Thomas Jefferson
3

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
(1743–1826)
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Republican
4
(1800)
Vice President Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801March 4, 1805
5
(1804)
George Clinton
March 4, 1805April 20, 1812
6

John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams
(1767–1848)
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-
Republican
10
(1824)
Secretary of State
(1817–1825)
John C. Calhoun
March 4, 1825December 28, 1832
7

Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic 11
(1828)
U.S. Senator from Tennessee
(1823–1825)
 
Vacant
December 28, 1832March 4, 1833
12
(1832)
Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1833March 4, 1837
16

Abraham Lincoln (2)

Abraham Lincoln
(1809–1865)
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865 Republican 19 (1860) U.S. Representative (1847–1849) Hannibal Hamlin
Republican
National Union
20 (1864) Andrew Johnson
18

Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant
(1822–1885)
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican 21
(1868)
Commanding General of the U.S. Army
(1864–1869)
Schuyler Colfax
March 4, 1869March 4, 1873
22
(1872)
Henry Wilson
March 4, 1873November 22, 1875
Vacant
November 22, 1875March 4, 1877
26

Theodore Roosevelt (2)

Theodore Roosevelt
(1858–1919)
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican 29 Vice President vacant
30 (1904) Charles W. Fairbanks
28

Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson
(1856–1924)
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic 32
(1912)
Governor of New Jersey
(1911–1913)
Thomas R. Marshall
33
(1916)
32

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945)
March 4, 1933 (1933-03-04) April 12, 1945 (1945-04-12) Democratic 37
(1932)
Governor of New York
(1929–1932)
John Nance Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
38
(1936)
39
(1940)
Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
40
(1944)
Harry S. Truman
January 20, 1945April 12, 1945
33

Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman
(1884–1972)
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic Vice President Vacant
April 12, 1945January 20, 1949
41
(1948)
Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
35

John F. Kennedy (3)

John F. Kennedy
(1917–1963)
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963
Democratic 44
(1960)
U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
(1953–1960)
Lyndon B. Johnson
36

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon B. Johnson
(1908–1973)
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic Vice President Vacant
November 22, 1963January 20, 1965
45
(1964)
Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
(1913–1994)
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974 Republican 46
(1968)
Vice President
(1953–1961)
Spiro Agnew
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
47
(1972)
 
Vacant
October 10, 1973December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973August 9, 1974
38

Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican Vice President Vacant
August 9, 1974December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974January 20, 1977
39

Jimmy Carter (2)

Jimmy Carter
(born 1924)
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic 48 (1976) Governor of Georgia (1971–1975) Walter Mondale
40

Ronald Reagan (2)

Ronald Reagan
(1911–2004)
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican 49 (1980) Governor of California (1967–1975) George H. W. Bush
50 (1984)
41

George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush
(born 1924)
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican 51
(1988)
Vice President Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
(born 1946)
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic 52
(1992)
Governor of Arkansas
(1979–1981, 1983–1992)
Al Gore
53
(1996)
43 George W. Bush George W. Bush
(born 1946)
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican 54
(2000)
Governor of Texas
(1995–2000)
Dick Cheney
55
(2004)
45

Garrett Walker 2

Garrett Walker
(born 1962)
January 20, 2013 October 28, 2014 Democratic 57 (2012) Governor of Colorado Jim Matthews
Frank Underwood
46

Frank Underwood 4

Frank Underwood
(born 1959)
October 28, 2014 Incumbent Democratic Vice President Donald Blythe

Living former presidents

As of April 2017, there are five living former presidents:

President Term of office Date of birth
Jimmy Carter 1977–1981 (1924-10-01) October 1, 1924 (age 92)
George H. W. Bush 1989–1993 (1924-06-12) June 12, 1924 (age 92)
Bill Clinton 1993–2001 (1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 70)
George W. Bush 2001–2009 (1946-07-06) July 6, 1946 (age 70)
Garrett Walker 2013–2014 (1962-07-18) July 18, 1962 (age 54)

Trivia

  • In the continuity of the show, we know that Garrett Walker was elected President in 2012, and would have run for re-election in 2016. He was the 45th President, and he mentions, just before he announces his resignation, that Frank will be the 46th. How this works out in terms of who was President before him has not been explained. However, through portraits, photographs and mentions of former Presidents, this list has been started.

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