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Vice President of the United States

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Vice President of the
United States of America
US Vice President Seal
Vice Presidential Seal
US Vice President Flag
Vice Presidential Standard
Style Mr. Vice President
(Informal)
The Honorable
(Formal)
Mr. President
(As presiding officer of the Senate)
Residence Number One Observatory Circle
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder John Adams
April 21, 1789
Formation U. S. Constitution
March 4, 1789
Succession First

The Vice President of the United States is the second highest public office created by the United States Constitution. The Vice President, together with the President of the United States, is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term of office. The Vice President is the first person in the presidential line of succession, and would ascend to the Presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. When President Garrett Walker resigns, Vice President Frank Underwood is immediately sworn in as President.

Under the Constitution, the Vice President is President of the United States Senate. In that capacity, he is allowed to vote in the Senate when necessary to break a tie. While Senate customs have created supermajority rules that have diminished this Constitutional power, the Vice President still retains the ability to influence legislation (e.g. the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005). Pursuant to the Twelfth Amendment, the Vice President presides over the joint session of Congress when it convenes to count the vote of the Electoral College.

While the Vice President's only constitutionally prescribed functions aside from Presidential succession relate to his role as President of the Senate, the office is commonly viewed as a component of the executive branch of the federal government. The United States Constitution does not expressly assign the office to any one branch, causing a dispute amongst scholars whether it belongs to the executive branch, the legislative branch, or both. The modern view of the Vice President as a member of the executive branch is due in part to the assignment of executive duties to the Vice President by either the President or Congress, though such activities are only recent historical developments.


The Vice President resides in the Number One Observatory Circle mansion on the grounds of the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C.

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
None
1st in line Succeeded by
Speaker of the House of Representatives

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